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“Tense is most important lesson of  English grammar”

“This lesson is so easy to understand just read it by heat”

“Whenever we describe any thing in any language we need to describe the time as well  “Tense help us to describe that thing according to the time”

There are three kinds of “Tense”

“Tense” तीन प्रकार के होते हैं।

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PRESENT (वर्तामन) PAST (भूत)           FUTURE (भविष्य)

“These three “tenses” divided into four parts”

 “इन चार “tenses” को चार भागों में बांटा गया है।”              

1) INDEFINITE

वाक्य में  जब कार्य के पूरा या अधूरा होने के विषय में कुछ पता न चले तो वह “Indefinite tense” होता है।

e.g.

अखिलेश पढ़ता है।    Akhilesh reads.

अखिलेश पढता था।  Akhilesh read.

अखिलेश पढ़ेगा।    Akhilesh will read.

  2) CONTINUOUS

वाक्य में जब कार्य लगातार जारी रहे तो वह “Continuous tense” होता है।

वह जा रहा है। He is going.

वह जा रहा था। He was going.

वह जा रहा होगा। He will be going.                

 3) PERFECT

वाक्य में जब कार्य पूरी तरह समाप्त हो चूका हो तो वह “perfect tense” होता  है।

वह चाय पी चूका है। He has had tea.

वह चाय पी चूका था। He had had tea.

वह चाय पी चूका होगा। He will have had tea.

4) PERFECT  CONTINUOUS

वाक्य में जब कार्य पहले से जारी हो और उसके समाप्त होने के विषय में कुछ पता ना चले अर्थात कार्य कब समाप्त होगा यह पता न चले तो वह “perfect continuous tense” होता है।

वह सुबह से खेल रहा है।  He has been playing since morning.

वह सुबह से खेल रहा था। He had been playing since morning.

वह सुबह से खेल रहा होगा। He will have been playing since morning.

 

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I hope, you will have got the above lesson perfectly.

मैं आशा करता हूँ आप ऊपर दिए गए आध्याय को अच्छे से समझ गए होंगे।

Now, we will study the above lesson deeply.

अब हम ऊपर दिए अध्याय को विस्तार से पढ़ेंग।              

PRESENT INDEFINITE:

पहचान:

  1. वर्तमान समय में जब कार्य के पूरा या अधूरा होने के विषय में कुछ पता न चले तो वह present indefinite tense होता है।
  2. News paper headlines अख़बारों की ज्यादातर headlines इसी tense से बनती हैं।
  3. General truth (सामान्य सत्य)
  4. Universal truth (सार्वभौमिक सत्य)
  5. Near future fix plan निकट भविष्य fix योजना के लिये।
  6. To tell like or dislike पसंद या नापसंद बताने के लिये।
  7. To tell Habitual action आदत को बताने के लिये।

RULES:

[S+1st form of verb/1st form of verb+s/es+O]

[S+don’t/doesn’t+1st form of verb+O]

[Don’t/Doesn’t+S+1st form of verb+O]

[W/H+don’t/doesn’t+S+1st form of verb+O]

     

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  Examples

[S+1st form of verb/1st form of verb+s/es+O]

वह जाता है। He goes.

वह पढता है। He reads.

मैं खेलता हूँ।  I  play.

मैं जनता हूँ।   I know.

वह स्कूल जाता है। I go to school.

वह यहाँ पढता है। He reads here.

वह पार्क में खेलता है। He plays in the park

मैं तुम्हें अच्छी तरह जानता हूँ। I know you very well.

आइये अब कुछ और examples देखतें हैं:

मैं तुम्हें बहुत याद करता हूँ। I miss you a lot.

मैं हर पल  तुम्हारे बारे में सोचता रहता हूँ।

I every time think about you.

मुझे फालतू बात करने की आदत नहीं है।

I dislike talking useless things.

मैं हमेशा सच बोलता हूँ।

l always speaks truth.

तुमसे मिलना और बातें करना मुझे अच्छा लगता है।

l feel good to see you and talk you.

वह मुझ से खुद से ज्यादा प्यार करती है।

She loves me more than herself.

मुझे उसकी यही बातें अच्छी लगती है।

These things l like in him/her.

तुम बहुत अच्छी बातें करते हो। you talk very well.

मैं तुम्हारे सिवा यहाँ किसी को नहीं जनता हूँ। l know here nobody but you.

वो मुझे गलत समझते हैं। they think me wrong.

मैं हमेशा सच कहता हूँ और सच के सिवा कुछ नहीं कहता हूँ।

l always say truth and nothing else instead of truth

पृथवी सूर्य के चारों और चक्कर लगाती है। The Earth revolves speak the sun.

दिल्ली यमुना किनारे बसी है।

Delhi stands in the bank of the Yamuna.

तारे रात में दीखते हैं। Stars appear at night.

सूर्य पूर्व से निकलता है और पश्चिम में चिपटा है।

The sun rises in the east and sets in the west.                                                               वह जब भी यहाँ आता है मुझसे जरूर मिलता है।Whenever he comes herehere,he must meet me.

लोग जो भी तुम्हारे बारे में कहतें हैं सही कहतें हैं।Whatever people say about you is right.

मुझे साईकिल चलना आता है।

I know riding bicycle.

उसे बहुत अच्छा खाना बनाना आता है।

She knows cooking good food.

मुझे अंग्रेजी बोलना आता है।

I know speaking English.

मुझे लगता है मैं तुम्हे जनता हूँ।

I think, I know you.

तुम्हारे ना रहने पर वह यहाँ आता है।

In the absence of you, He comes here.

सच बोलने वाला हमेशा खुश रहता है।

Who speaks truth,always become happy.

ना मैं तुम्हें जनता हूँ ना जानना चाहता हूँ।

Neither I know you nor want to be know.

वह झूठ बोलता रहता है।

He keeps telling a lie.

Or

He does nothing but telling a lie.

(More to write……………….please keep touch with us)👍

 

 

 

Tense chart

 

 

Present Tenses

Present Tenses: Present Simple

 

Use to show repeated action, belief, opinion, characteristics.
How to Form verb(s/es)
Example work / works
Sentence Example They work sometimes.
She works at my office

 

Present Tenses: Present Perfect

 

Use to show what has happened in the past and continues in the present; to show how long something has happened (often uses for andsince).
How to Form have/has + past participle
Example have worked / has worked
Sentence Example I have worked at my office for seven years.
Pooja has worked at my office since 1993.

 

Present Tenses: Present Continuous (Progressive)

 

Use to show an event that is going on right now.
How to Form am/is/are + verb + ing
Example am working / is working / are working
Sentence Example Pooja is working in the house.
She and her sister are working at my office now.

 

Present Tenses: Present Perfect Continuous (Progressive)

 

Use to show how long something has been happening and is still happening.
How to Form have/has + been + verb + ing
Example have been working / has been working
Sentence Example I have been working at this company for seven years.
Pooja has been working at my office since 1993.

 

 


 

Past Tenses

Past Tenses: Past Simple

 

Use to show what happened at a time in the past and is finished.
How to Form verb(d/ed)
Example worked
Sentence Example Yesterday pooja worked with Akhilesh.

 

Past Tenses: Past Perfect

 

Use to show an action in the past that happened even before another event in the past .
How to Form had + past participle
Example had worked
Sentence Example The car had worked before the bus hit it

 

Past Tenses: Past Continuous (Progressive)

 

Use to show an event that was going on when something else happened (often uses before, after, when).
How to Form was/were + verb + ing
Example was working / were working
Sentence Example Pooja was working on the paper when her friend interrupted me.
Pooja and Archana were working in this project when I stopped by.

 

Past Tenses: Past Perfect Continuous (Progressive)

 

Use to show how long something had been happening before something else happened.
How to Form had + been + verb + ing
Example had been working
Sentence Example The car had been working fine before the bus hit it.

 

 


 

Future Tenses

Future Tenses: Future Simple

 

Use to show what will happen in the future.
How to Form will + verb
Example will work 
Sentence Example In the future I will work on on this project every week.

 

Future Tenses: Future Perfect

 

Use to show something that has not yet been done but that will be done before a set time in the future.
How to Form will have + past participle
Example will have worked
Sentence Example By tomorrow Pooja will have worked on this project

 

Future Tenses: Future Continuous (Progressive)

 

Use to show an event that will be going on when something else happens.
How to Form will be + verb + ing
Example will be working
Sentence Example Pooja will be working on this project.

 

Future Tenses: Future Perfect Continuous (Progressive)

 

Use to show how long something will have been happening by a future time.
How to Form will have + been + verb + ing
Example will have been working
Sentence Example By tomorrow Pooja will have been working for five days on this project