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PREPOSITION

“Prepositions are the words that indicate location. Usually, prepositions show this location in the physical world.”

Check out the three examples below: The puppy is on the floor. The puppy is in the bath tub. The puppy is beside the phone.
(On, in, and beside are all prepositions. They are showing where the puppy is. Prepositions can also show location in time.)

Read the next three examples: At midnight, Raju craved mashed potatoes with grape jelly. In the spring, I always vow to plant tomatoes but end up buying them at the supermarket.

During the marathon,

Raju legs complained with sharp pains shooting up his thighs. “Because there are so many possible locations, there are quite a few prepositions.”

Prepositions

about

above according to across after against along along with among apart from around as as for at because of before behind below beneath beside between beyond but* by by means of concerning despite down during except except for excepting for from in in addition to in back of in case of in front of in place of inside in spite of instead of into like near next of off on onto on top of out out of outside over past regarding round since through throughout till to toward under underneath unlike until up upon up to with within without

* But is very seldom a preposition. When it is used as a preposition, but means the same as except

Everyone ate frog legs but Jamie.

But usually functions as a coordinating conjunction.

“Understand how to form a prepositional phrase. Prepositions generally introduce prepositional phrases.”

Prepositional phrases look like this: Preposition + Optional

Modifier(s) + Noun,

Pronoun, or Gerund

Here are some examples:

At school At = preposition; school = noun.

According to us According to=preposition

us = pronoun.

By chewing By = preposition

chewing = gerund.

Under the stove Under = preposition

the = modifier

stove = noun.

In the crumb-filled, rumpled sheets In = preposition

the, crumb-filled, rumpled = modifiers

sheets = noun. Realize that

some prepositions also function as subordinate conjunctions.

These prepositions are

after/as/before/since/until

“A subordinate conjunction will have both a subject and a verb following it, forming a subordinate clause.” Look at these examples:

After Raju and Renu said goodnight After = subordinate conjunction

Raju and Renu= subjects

Said = verb.

As Jerome buckled on the parachute As = subordinate conjunction; Jerome = subject; buckled = verb.

Before I eat these meal Before = subordinate conjunction

I = subject

eat = verb. “If you find a noun [with or without modifiers] following one of these five prepositions, then all you have is a prepositional phrase.”

Look at these examples: After the killer calculus test After = preposition

the killer calculus = modifiers

test = noun.

As a good parent As = preposition

a good = modifiers parent = noun.

Before dinner Before = preposition; dinner = noun.

Since the breakup Since = preposition

the = modifier

breakup = noun

Until midnight Until = preposition

midnight = noun